“The interesting thing about Islam,” says Professor Constant Mews, “is that it was a much more commercial culture from the outset than Christianity.”
And from around the middle of the eighth century to the middle of the 13th, while European Christians were struggling through the Dark Ages, the Islamic world enjoyed a golden age Ota download.
Arab merchants had a lot to do with it.
“They developed alternative ways of regulating funds,” says Mews.
“In particular the core Islamic principle is simply one of sharing profit and loss 다운로드. The desire is to promote investment by taking commercial risk.
“Risk, incidentally, is an Arabic word, referring to where you lend money to others without requiring a return unless there is profitable growth.”
And for some 500 years, this financial model underpinned advances in science, the arts, architecture, and innovation generally 다운로드. Then came the Crusades and the Mongol hordes, and the Islamic model of finance declined, the space becoming filled by that other model.
Islamic finance, however, is undergoing something of a renaissance 다운로드.
It is now a USD1 trillion industry…Mohamed Ariff continues the litany of statistical growth: there are 57 majority-Muslim nations, 76 countries which already practice Islamic banking, 350 banks, 15 insurance companies and about 1,200 mutual funds 스크린 헌터 다운로드.
Keep reading – Jesus saves, Moses lends, Muhammad invests
Continue reading Jesus saves, Moses lends, Muhammad invests – Islamic finance accounts for 1 trillion in banking
The International Volleyball Federation has made a change to the bikini rules in beach volleyball. In a nod to Muslim countries, the uniform requirements have expanded to include short-shorts and long-sleeve shirts 다운로드.
Lausanne, Switzerland – The FIVB Board of Administration approved a key change to women’s beach volleyball uniforms with immediate effect unity 파일.
The Board approved to apply the modified women’s uniform rule for all beach volleyball tournaments, including the Olympic Games. This is to respect the custom and/or religious beliefs 다운로드.
Previously there were two uniform choices for female players, a one-piece bathing suit or a bikini with a maximum side width of 7cm while full body suits could also be used under the bikini in cold weather 다운로드. Now, there are three extra choices. Players can wear shorts of a maximum length of 3cm above the knee with sleeved or sleeveless tops or a full body suit 다운로드.
Not to worry, though, as few players plan to make the change:
“It’s something I really feel comfortable with,” said Kerri Walsh, who with Misty May-Treanor won the gold medal in Athens and Beijing while wearing the standard beach volleyball uniform: a two-piece bathing suit 바둑 대국. “It’s something I feel empowered by, not distracted with. I’m not a sex symbol; I’m an athlete. I want to be streamlined out there.”
Still, she applauded the change 다운로드.
“I think it’s fantastic,” she said. “I don’t want anything as trivial as a uniform to keep anyone from chasing their dreams.”
via Sports Illustrated